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"Despite multiple cases of injury and/or actual deaths of children treated with these so-called therapy techniques, a few therapists continue to advocate their use. The Utah Psychological Association, as well as number of other professional organizations, maintains that there is no scientific evidence to support the effectiveness of such interventions…there is strong clinical consensus that coercive therapy techniques are, in fact, contraindicated and potentially dangerous, constituting a form of physical and/or emotional child abuse." Official Position Statement of the Utah Psychological Association (2003) [pdf]