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American Speciality Health, Inc. (ASH) has issued clinical practice guidelines for 81 "complementary" techniques and procedures, most of which are used mainly by chiropractors. The documents (all of which are contained in this link) indicate that 68 of the methods would not be covered under the plan because they are considered unsubstantiated, unsafe, or both; 67 of the methods are classified as experimental or investigational because credible scientific evidence is inadequate to support their claimed applications; 48 of the methods are scientifically implausible because they require the existence of forces, mechanisms, or biological processes that are not known to exist with the existing framework of scientific knowledge; 11 of the methods are considered unsafe, either directly or indirectly; and 53 of the methods would render the practitioner ineligible to participate in the network. The methods include: Acutonics/Sonotonics, Addictionology, Advanced Biostructural Correction (ABC), Applied Kinesiology, Ashiatsu Oriental Bar Therapy, Axial Decompression Therapy, Bach Flower Remedies, Bio Energetic Synchronization Technique (BEST), Bio-Cranial Therapy, Bioenergetic Sensitivity and Enzyme Therapy (BioSet), Bio-Geometric Integration (BGI), Biological Terrain Assessment (BTA), BioMeridian (MSA Machine), Clinical Kinesiology (CK), Cold Laser-Low Laser Light Therapy (LLLT), Colonic Irrigation, Colorpuncture, Concept Therapy, Contact Reflex Analysis (CRA), Craniosacral Therapy (CST), Current Perception Threshold (CPT) — Sensory Nerve Conduction Threshold (sNCT), Diagnostic Ultrasound — Spinal/Paraspinal, Directional Non-Force Technique (DNFT), ElectroAcupuncture by Voll (EAV), Electrodermal Screening Test (EDST), Force/Functional Recording and Analysis System (FRAS), Functional Leg Length Inequality, Gemstone and Crystal Therapy, Holistic Kinesiology, Homeopathy, Infratonic/Infrasonic or Qui Gong Machine (QGM), Intradermal Needles (Needle Implants/Ear Tacks), Iridology, Jaffe-Mellor Technique, Live Blood Cell Analysis, Logan Basic Technique, Magnets — Static, Manipulation Under Anesthesia (MUA) — Spinal, Manual Muscle Testing — Psychological Disorders, Moxibustion — Direct, Nambudripad's Allergy Elimination technique (NAET), Nasium Vertex X-Ray Views, Network Spinal Analysis, Neuro Emotional Technique (NOT), Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP), Neurolink, Neurovascular Dynamics (NVD), New-Stim Bio-Kinetics, Organ/Visceral Manipulation, Ortho-Bionomy, Radionics, Reflexology — Diagnostic, Reiki, Rolfing, Ryodoraku and Electro Meridian Imaging (EMI), Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT) — Diagnostic, Surface Electromyography (SEMG), Surrogate Testing, Thermography, Toftness, Total Body Modification, Upper Cervical Adjusting Techniques, Vector Point Cranial Therapy, Vegatesting, Videonystagmography (VNG) and the Webster Technique. [Most of the guidelines were implemented during February 2006] Information source: Chirobase