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"Devilly (2005 p.444) states that there is no evidence for the claimed efficacy of power therapies such as TFT (and others such as NLP and they exhibit the characteristics of a pseudoscience. Lilienfeld, Lynn & Lohr (2003, Chapter 1) also use TFT as an example of a therapy that contains some of the hallmark indicators of a pseudoscience. Specifically, they note its evasion of the peer review system and absence of boundary conditions. Additionally, Pignotti (2004) has noted its use of obscurantist jargon (scientific-sounding terms such as thought fields, and perturbation that have no basis in evidence) and Callahan's using the idea of energy toxins to explain away treatment failures." (Wikipedia)